Explore Authentic Tuscany – Top 10 Tuscan Treasures
By Mary Noe
Ah, Tuscany. World-renowned for its exceptional wine, stunning landscapes, and vibrant cuisine, Toscano is also home to priceless artwork, authentic medieval traditions, and exuberant personalities. Just the name of this fabled region conjures daydreams of relaxed lunches on a sun-soaked patio under the shade of a geranium-rimmed pergola.
Tuscany was named after the Etruscans, the first major, pre-Roman civilization to inhabit the area. Located in central Italy, Tuscany is easily accessible by flights directly to Florence and to nearby Rome and Pisa. With a western coastline on the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian Seas, Tuscany boasts mountain ranges, fertile plains, and miles of lovely rolling hills. The iconic Tuscan landscape – golden fields lined with narrow Italian cypress, hillsides studded with olive trees and acres of lush grapevines and giant sunflowers – enchants its visitors, as do the medieval towns, cobbled streets, gnarled vines, historic wineries, and endearing people.
The birthplace of Michelangelo and the Italian Renaissance has much to offer the discerning visitor interested in exploring both the well known and the hidden treasures of Tuscany.
Here are a few of LuxuryItaly‘s favorites… let’s explore authentic Tuscany!
- Visit the Tuscan World Heritage Sites
Tuscany is home to seven World Heritage Sites, designated by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) as “of special cultural or physical significance.” Some are quite well known, for good reason. These include:
- The Historic Centre of Florence, a living tribute to the glorious artwork created during the Italian Renaissance
- The Historic Centre of Siena – this medieval city south of Florence was once its cultural, political, and artistic rival
- Pisa’s Piazza del Duomo, which features four monuments including the famous ‘Leaning Tower’ of Pisa
- The Historic Centre of San Gimignano, the stunning hill town known for its impressive towers
Less well known, the Val d’Orcia region, with its flat chalk plains out of which rise almost conical hills with fortified settlements on top, is what many envision when they picture Tuscany. The Historic Centre of the City of Pienza (with the beautiful Piazza Pio II and surrounding buildings) is recognized as an early example of Renaissance town-planning concepts. The Medici Villas and Gardens in Tuscany – 12 villas and two gardens spread across Tuscany that influenced palaces across Europe with their focus on architecture, gardens, and the environment – round out this concentration of World Heritage Sites.
- Rent a Tuscan Villa
For a truly immersive experience, rent a villa and live like a local! Whether you’d like to holiday in a quiet Tuscan farmhouse, a historic hilltop village apartment or in the bustling center of a larger city, villa rental can be ideal for a family or group.
Villa rental specialists at Tuscany Now & More can help you choose the perfect location for your stay. Their portfolio includes more than 140 handpicked, exclusive properties in Tuscany and scattered about Italy, including villas in Chianti, Cortona, Florence, Montepulciano, Pisa, Lucca, San Gimignano, Siena, and the Tuscan coast.
Client Susan Balla says, “I’d always had the desire to rent a villa in Italy to have a beyond-memorable experience with my closest family and friends,” and was referred to Tuscany Now & More by a business associate. “My fiancé and I were looking for an ideal location to have a traditional Catholic wedding, whilst being able to house and entertain 20+ of our closest family and friends. The particular location we chose in Greve in Chianti included a spacious 10-room villa with a gourmet kitchen, as well as a perfectly preserved chapel on property where we could be married. The big bonus was the amazing grounds surrounding the villa and an infinity pool for outdoor entertaining. We also rented a second, smaller villa nearby through Tuscany Now that accommodated more family and friends.”
Tuscany Now delivered a “decadent experience,” she says, “with breathtaking surroundings, spacious accommodations, and the opportunity to have amazing food, wine and cultural experiences.”
- The Fine Wines of Siena’s Enoteca Italiana
Tuscan winemakers produce such world-class vintages as Brunello di Montalcino, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, Chianti, and Vernaccia di San Gimignano. Wondering how to choose your favorite vintage, or perhaps which winery to visit? Although it seems impossible to taste or visit them all, make the Enoteca Italiana in Siena the first stop on your tasting journey. An enoteca is a local Italian wine shop, and the Enoteca Italiana merges wine museum and tasting room in this state-run collection of thousands of bottles representing Italy’s finest wines.
The Enoteca, located in a stunning 16th century Medici fortress in the center of Siena, offers samples of the widest variety of Italian wines offered anywhere in Italy. Sip a velvety Chianti Classico inside the medieval enoteca or outside on the lovely terraces. Wine can be bought or ordered for delivery in Italy and internationally
- Picnic in Siena’s Piazza del Campo
The city of Siena was designed around this shell-shaped piazza, one of Italy’s most beautiful plazas – and the perfect spot to relax and enjoy the bustle of Sienese life. Open one of the bottles of wine you chose from the Enoteca Italiana, and purchase local culinary specialties at Antica Pizzicheria de Miccoli.
Located just off the piazza on Via di Città, the shop beckons with a stuffed boar’s head perched above the entrance. Purchase panini to go, or customize your own feast with local olives, pecorino cheese, pancetta, boar sausages, crusty bread, and panforte (a traditional Sienese fruit and nut cake) – all delivered with gusto and flair.
- Savor Local Specialties at Antica Macelleria Falorni
If your taste of local delicacies leaves you hungry for more, take the lovely Via Chiantigiana road between Florence and Siena to the idyllic Tuscan enclave of Greve in Chianti. There you will find Antica Macelleria Falorni, one of Italy’s oldest and most renowned butcher shops.
For nine generations, the Falorni family has provided premium local meats, including the famed Cinta Senese (black Sienese pig), wild boar, and Chianina (Italian beef used for the famous bistecca alla fiorentina, or Florentine-style steak). Their traditional shop is located on the Piazza Matteotti, Greve’s main square, and also offers a variety of salami, prosciutti crudi, pancetta, coppa, capocollo, and bresaola, as well as local cheeses.
The extensive menu includes meat and cheese boards, soups, salads, lasagna, beef tartar, sandwiches, Grandma Beppa’s recipes (including wild boar and roasted pork specialties), desserts, and a selection of excellent local wines served by the glass or bottle. Their motto is “mangia meno, mangia meglio” or “eat less, eat better” – although this may prove difficult to follow when faced with their array of mouth-watering specialties.
- Visit the Abbey of Monte Oliveto Maggiore
Step back in time to the age of the Gregorian chant, which is still sung by the Benedictine monks who reside at this red-bricked abbey. A medieval palace, complete with drawbridge and massive tower, the Abbey of Monte Oliveto Maggiore was built in 1320 and is located in the Crete Senesi (or ‘Senese clays’) area south of Siena.
Revel in solitude while strolling through the Cloisters, which are adorned with priceless frescoes dating from the late 1400s. Visit the Monumental Library, home to thousands of ancient tomes, and the Abbey Museum, which displays valuable paintings and ancient woodwork. The Refectory, where the monks take their meals, is one of the largest spaces in the abbey and is elaborately decorated with huge frescoes.
The Church, with its famous wooden inlaid Choir, was built between 1400 and 1417. Visitors are invited to attend services and participate in Mass. See the website for schedules and, if possible, time your visit to hear the monks sing the Gregorian chant – a “song that vibrates the inexpressible, the nostalgia of God and the values of the spirit, pacifies and tones the mind and heart.”
Visit the small abbey shop, where the monks sell their own La Flora di Monteoliveto (a herbal liqueur produced following an ancient recipe), along with herbal teas and other botanicals from the abbey gardens. While on property, you can also tour the historic abbey winery and taste (and purchase) the monks’ fine wine and olive oil.
- Play Golf
Golf may not come to mind as a typical Tuscan pastime, but Italy offers lovely and challenging courses, with several in Tuscany. One of the most beautiful is the Golf Club of Uccolino, located in the verdant hills of the Chianti region south of Florence. Uccolino offers an impressive course lined with cypress and pine trees, and has hosted numerous international events, including the 40th Italian Open in 1983.
Bernhard Langer, Severiano Ballesteros, and Greg Norman are among the many champions who have played here and, in 2009, the club was awarded the Gold Medal for sporting achievement by the Italian Olympic Committee
- Tour The Poggio Amorelli Estate
For a lovely afternoon, join the Mazzarrini family at their Poggio Amorelli estate in the heart of the Chianti region. The estate is the perfect spot to take a guided tour of the vineyards, winery, and cellar of one of Tuscany’s exceptional wineries. Follow your tour with a tasting of the estate’s excellent wines and Vin Santo del Chianti (an Italian dessert wine).
If possible, arrange in advance to extend your visit after the tour and treat yourself to a lunch featuring the estate’s own homemade pasta, olive oil, and selections of Poggio Amorelli’s special vintages. Your meal may feature parppardelle pasta with rich wild boar sauce, freshly harvested truffles, luscious pecorino cheese with local honey, and bruschetta toasted over an open fire. Famiglia Mazzarrini produces 6 types of wine, Vin Santo, grappa, and olive oil, and all can be shipped internationally.
- Experience The Palio di Siena
Perhaps the most famous annual event in Tuscany is the Palio horse race. Held in the Piazza del Campo – Siena’s main square – the historic race is run twice each year, on July 2nd and August 16th.
A medieval tradition dating from the 1400s, Il Palio pits horses and riders from 10 of Siena’s 17 districts, or contradas, in a harrowing and sometimes dangerous race around the dirt-covered plaza. Bareback jockeys wearing the brightly colored costumes of their contrada circle the horses three times around the piazza in a dizzying, furious rush to victory
Equally alluring are the celebrations held by each contrada in the days leading up to and following the race, including dinners, parades, and the blessing of horse and jockey. Contrada members in ceremonial dress sing while parading through the streets, accompanied by flag bearers and drummers. Loyalty to one’s contrada is fierce, competition between neighborhoods is strong, and the pageantry is unequalled. Once you have experienced the camaraderie and majesty of Il Palio, you may wish to join a contrada yourself!
- Hire a Private Guide
Exploring Etruscan tombs, touring medieval towns, taking a cooking class, biking, hiking, wine-tasting – it’s difficult to choose which Tuscan excursions to try! Consider hiring a private guide, who can work with you to customize your adventures and coordinate all the details.
Tomas Pedani of We Drive You Tuscany expertly combines his extensive knowledge of wine, local food, and his love of the area to help plan and deliver your perfect Tuscan adventure.
“From the famous wineries of Chianti, Montalcino and Montepulciano, the enchanting hill towns of San Gimignano and Volterra, the cheese center of Pienza, and, of course, the cultural treasures of Florence, Siena, Pienza and Lucca,” Tomas’s team is “dedicated to the proposition that your time in Italy is precious, and it is their mission to maximize your enjoyment of every moment.”
Whether you wish to tour a working pottery studio, visit the goats and taste freshly made cheese at a creamery, lunch at a historic winery, or simply arrange for car service, Tomas can assist with planning your trip. Personable and magnanimous, Tomas loves his homeland and will be delighted to share it with you.
Contributor Mary Noe is a freelance writer who offers a fresh approach on local happenings, keeping readers current on travel, community, and lifestyle trends.